30余年屡破技术难关 山东科技专家让花生摘掉“低产”帽

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(原标题:30余年屡破技术难关 山东科技专家让花生摘掉“低产”帽)

(中)(新)(网)(济)(南)7(月)2(日)(电) (题)(:)30(余)(年)(屡)(破)(技)(术)(难)(关) (山)(东)(科)(技)(专)(家)(让)(花)(生)(摘)(掉)(“)(低)(产)(”)(帽) (作)(者) (赵)(晓) (以)(单)(粒)(精)(播)(核)(心)(技)(术)(创)(造)(花)(生)(亩)(产)782.6(公)(斤)(的)(世)(界)(纪)(录)(、)(用)(玉)(米)-(花)(生)(间)(套)(作)(种)(植)(模)(式)(助)(粮)(油)(均)(衡)(增)(产)(…)(…)(山)(东)(省)(农)(业)(科)(学)(院)(院)(长)(、)(研)(究)(员)(万)(书)(波)(带)(领)(科)(研)(团)(队)(活)(跃)(田)(间)30(余)(年)(,)(屡)(破)(技)(术)(难)(关)(,)(让)(花)(生)(连)(续)(刷)(新)(单)(产)(纪)(录)(,)(摘)(掉)(“)(低)(产)(”)(帽)(。) (万)(书)(波)(所)(带)(领)(的)(团)(队)(致)(力)(于)(花)(生)(高)(产)(优)(质)(栽)(培)(和)(生)(理)(生)(态)(研)(究)(。)(山)(东)(省)(农)(业)(科)(学)(院)(供)(图) (在)7(月)2(日)(举)(行)(的)(山)(东)(省)(科)(技)(创)(新)(大)(会)(上)(,)(万)(书)(波)(被)(授)(予)2019(山)(东)(省)(科)(技)(最)(高)(奖)(的)(荣)(誉)(。)(他)(所)(带)(领)(的)(“)(花)(生)(栽)(培)(与)(生)(理)(生)(态)(创)(新)(团)(队)(”)(致)(力)(于)(花)(生)(高)(产)(优)(质)(栽)(培)(和)(生)(理)(生)(态)(研)(究)(,)(围)(绕)(花)(生)(在)(生)(产)(中)(存)(在)(的)(重)(大)(技)(术)(问)(题)(和)(难)(点)(进)(行)(攻)(关)(。) (“)(中)(国)(食)(用)(油)(年)(消)(费)(总)(量)(超)3400(万)(吨)(,)(国)(产)(仅)1100(万)(吨)(,)(自)(给)(率)(不)(足)32%(,)(食)(用)(油)(供)(需)(矛)(盾)(突)(出)(。)(”)(万)(书)(波)(在)(接)(受)(记)(者)(采)(访)(时)(分)(析)(称)(,)(花)(生)(对)(保)(障)(中)(国)(食)(用)(油)(脂)(安)(全)(具)(有)(举)(足)(轻)(重)(的)(作)(用)(,)(但)(在)(生)(产)(方)(面)(,)(却)(长)(期)(存)(在)(单)(产)(低)(、)(种)(植)(面)(积)(小)(、)(油)(用)(和)(食)(用)(不)(分)(等)(问)(题)(。)(如)(何)(提)(高)(花)(生)(单)(产)(、)(改)(善)(品)(质)(,)(成)(为)(摆)(在)(他)(和)(其)(他)(科)(研)(工)(作)(者)(心)(头)(的)(一)(道)(关)(卡)(。)(为)(了)(攻)(破)(它)(,)(他)(们)(甚)(至)(敢)(于)(打)(破)(常)(规)(。) (万)(书)(波)(带)(领)(团)(队)(围)(绕)(花)(生)(在)(生)(产)(中)(存)(在)(的)(重)(大)(技)(术)(问)(题)(和)(难)(点)(进)(行)(攻)(关)(。)(山)(东)(省)(农)(业)(科)(学)(院)(供)(图) (根)(据)(传)(统)(习)(惯)(,)(一)(穴)(播)(种)2(粒)(花)(生)(才)(能)(保)(证)(出)(苗)(率)(,)(高)(产)(稳)(产)(。)(但)(万)(书)(波)(思)(考)(后)(认)(为)(,)(就)(像)(动)(物)(之)(间)(存)(在)(竞)(争)(关)(系)(一)(样)(,)(植)(物)(也)(是)(如)(此)(。)(同)(穴)(播)2(粒)(种)(子)(让)(它)(们)(产)(生)(竞)(争)(排)(斥)(,)(会)(影)(响)(群)(体)(质)(量)(和)(产)(量)(。)(按)(照)(这)(一)(逻)(辑)(推)(断)(,)(他)(大)(胆)(提)(出)(单)(粒)(种)(植)(花)(生)(的)(设)(想)(,)(并)(在)(实)(践)(中)(加)(以)(检)(验)(。) (“)(团)(队)(先)(后)(在)(山)(东)(、)(新)(疆)(、)(湖)(南)(等)(多)(地)(开)(展)(花)(生)(单)(粒)(精)(播)(技)(术)(的)(试)(验)(示)(范)(,)(单)(粒)(精)(播)(比)(双)(粒)(播)(种)(能)(减)(少)(约)20%(播)(种)(量)(,)(增)(产)(超)8%(。)(”)(万)(书)(波)(说)(,)(每)(穴)(由)2(粒)(变)(为)1(粒)(后)(,)(避)(免)(了)(株)(间)(竞)(争)(造)(成)(的)(生)(物)(逆)(境)(胁)(迫)(,)(提)(高)(了)(幼)(苗)(质)(量)(和)(光)(合)(能)(力)(,)(让)(单)(株)(生)(产)(力)(充)(分)(发)(挥)(。) (据)(万)(书)(波)(介)(绍)(,)(由)(他)(们)(团)(队)(研)(发)(的)(单)(粒)(精)(播)(技)(术)(攻)(克)(了)30(多)(年)(来)(双)(粒)(穴)(播)(未)(突)(破)(的)750(公)(斤)(技)(术)(难)(关)(,)(连)(续)3(年)(实)(收)(亩)(产)(超)750(公)(斤)(,)(创)(造)(实)(收)(亩)(产)782.6(公)(斤)(的)(世)(界)(纪)(录)(,)(成)(为)(中)(国)(花)(生)(种)(植)(技)(术)(的)(一)(次)(重)(大)(变)(革)(。)(此)(前)(团)(队)(也)(利)(用)(花)(生)(地)(膜)(覆)(盖)(技)(术)(、)(连)(作)(缓)(解)(技)(术)(等)(帮)(助)(花)(生)(实)(现)(从)(低)(产)(到)(中)(产)(、)(从)(中)(产)(到)(高)(产)(的)(连)(续)(跨)(越)(。)(“)(只)(要)(打)(破)(关)(键)(技)(术)(瓶)(颈)(,)(花)(生)(也)(能)(成)(为)(高)(产)(作)(物)(。)(”) (相)(比)(小)(麦)(、)(玉)(米)(、)(水)(稻)(等)(粮)(食)(作)(物)(,)(花)(生)(还)(一)(直)(处)(于)(“)(小)(作)(物)(”)(行)(列)(,)(种)(植)(面)(积)(小)(。)(针)(对)(粮)(食)(作)(物)(与)(油)(料)(作)(物)(之)(间)(的)(争)(地)(矛)(盾)(,)(万)(书)(波)(从)2010(年)(开)(始)(,)(带)(领)(团)(队)(研)(究)(玉)(米)-(花)(生)(间)(套)(作)(种)(植)(模)(式)(。)(从)(在)(高)(肥)(力)(地)(块)(,)(玉)(米)(和)(花)(生)(适)(合)(按)(照)3:6(比)(例)(播)(种)(,)(到)(中)(肥)(力)(地)(块)(适)(宜)(以)3:4(模)(式)(间)(作)(,)(科)(研)(团)(队)(奔)(赴)(各)(地)(大)(面)(积)(试)(验)(,)(反)(复)(摸)(索)(,)(总)(结)(规)(律)(,)(为)(稳)(粮)(增)(油)(探)(索)(新)(路)(径)(。) (在)(万)(书)(波)(看)(来)(,)(传)(统)(农)(业)(必)(须)(与)(现)(代)(科)(学)(技)(术)(融)(合)(才)(能)(飞)(速)(发)(展)(,)(而)(科)(研)(人)(员)(唯)(有)(深)(入)(田)(间)(地)(头)(、)(生)(产)(一)(线)(才)(能)(在)(实)(践)(中)(发)(现)(问)(题)(,)(从)(而)(创)(新)(技)(术)(解)(决)(问)(题)(。)(“)(近)(期)(我)(们)(在)(继)(续)(挖)(掘)(花)(生)(高)(产)(的)(潜)(力)(,)(争)(取)(实)(现)(亩)(产)(突)(破)800(公)(斤)(的)(目)(标)(,)(同)(时)(探)(索)(花)(生)(与)(粮)(、)(棉)(、)(油)(等)(其)(他)(作)(物)(和)(果)(树)(的)(轮)(作)(种)(植)(,)(提)(高)(土)(地)(利)(用)(率)(,)(帮)(助)(农)(民)(增)(产)(增)(收)(。)(”) (“)(与)(欧)(盟)(等)(发)(达)(地)(区)(相)(比)(,)(中)(国)(花)(生)(产)(品)(的)(加)(工)(水)(平)(、)(综)(合)(利)(用)(率)(、)(附)(加)(值)(等)(相)(对)(较)(低)(。)(”)(万)(书)(波)(表)(示)(,)(团)(队)(下)(一)(步)(将)(筹)(划)(花)(生)(全)(产)(业)(链)(节)(省)(成)(本)(、)(提)(质)(增)(效)(的)(重)(大)(关)(键)(技)(术)(研)(究)(,)(希)(望)(能)(带)(动)(山)(东)(乃)(至)(中)(国)(花)(生)(产)(业)(结)(构)(调)(整)(,)(促)(进)(花)(生)(产)(业)(转)(型)(升)(级)(,)(提)(高)(国)(际)(竞)(争)(力)(。)((完)) (【)(编)(辑):(李)(玉)(素)(】) <!----> 编码:20205290352